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Articles

Title: Probiotics and prebiotics as a bioactive component of functional food

Author:
Lucyna Kapka-Skrzypczak, Joanna Niedźwiecka, Andrzej Wojtyła, Marcin Kruszewski
Type:
Review articles
Language:
PL
Journal:
Pediatric Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Year:
2012
Volume:
18
Number:
2
Start page:
79
Final page:
83
ISSN:
2081-237X
Keywords:
probiotics, prebiotics, synbiotics, functional food
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The results of food science investigations have confirmed the relationship between the type of eaten food and health. Simultaneously, consumers are paying more and more attention to the kind of food they eat, as their awareness concerning the influence of proper food on health is increasing. On that base the conception of functional food has been created. This kind of food, besides being a source of essential macro- and micronutrients, exerts an additional positive influence on health. Probiotics and prebiotics containing products are a good example of functional food. These products provide not only essential nutrients but also microorganisms and polysaccharides, which are indigestible in the human alimentary tract, but exert a positive effect on human health. It may be a therapeutic or prophylactic effect due to specific affliction or may improve health in general. The paper - based on available literature - shows a positive influence of probiotics and prebiotics on human health, especially in the immunomodulation effect, an advantageous effect on the digestive system, antitumor activity and a possible therapeutic and prophylactic effect on cardiovascular diseases and obesity.