Title: Analysis of fungi contamination in the rehabilitation rooms in Białystok and Cracow
- Elżbieta Krajewska-Kułak, Agnieszka Gniadek, Cecylia R. Łukaszuk, Anna B. Macura, Wojciech Kułak, Bogumiła Kraszyńska
- Original articles
- Medical Mycology
- Start page:
- Final page:
- fungi, rehabilitation, Białystok, Cracow
Introduction: Fungal pathogens are important factors of bioaresoles. Its resource are medical staff, patient, air, hospital equipment, sewerage system and air-condition ofhospital.
Aim of study: Assessment of pathogenic fungi contamination in the rehabilitation rooms in Białystok and Cracow and correlation between the fungal concentration in the tested rooms and number of fungi colonies, temperature and humidity.
Material and methods: Investigations were carried out in the selected rehabilitation rooms in Białystok and Cracow. Air samples were collected: at the entrance to buildings, corridor and the selected rooms, from walls, mattress, benches, baths, swimming pool. Mycological contamination of the air was evaluated using SAS SUPER 100, temperature and humidity were assessed using termohigrometr PWT-401. Biologic monitoring of surface contamination was performed using Count-Tact applicator. Classification of isolated fungi was made according to the current procedures.
Results: The highest concentrations of fungi were isolated in the kinesitherapy room (Białystok- 36 CFU/l, Cracow - 21 CFU/l) and corridor II (Białystok 34 CFU/l, Cracow - 20 CFU/l).The highest temperature was detected in Białystok in the corridor at the entrance to building (23.5°C), in Cracow in phisicotherapy room (26.4°C).The highest humidity was found in Białystok (28.2%), in Cracow in corridor II (41.4%). The highest number of fungal isolates from walls in the storage rooms (Białystok - 14 CFU/l, Cracow - 11 CFU/l). Candida albicans in Białystok and Chrysosporium species in Cracow were isolated more often from air. Candida albicans in Białystok and Penicillium speciesin Cracow were isolated more frequently form the walls..
Conclusions: Main pathogenic isolates in air were Candida albicans in Białystok and Chrysosporium species in Cracow. Significant differences between mean CFU/l values and site of the isolation were found. Temperature and humidity in the investigated rooms are favour factors on the fungi development.