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Articles

Title: Candida colonization of gastrointestinal tract in infants

Author:
Krystyna Stencel-Gabriel, Aldona Lukas, Anna Obuchowicz, Iwona Gabriel
Type:
Original articles
Language:
PL
Journal:
Medical Mycology
Year:
2006
Volume:
13
Number:
4
Start page:
281
Final page:
283
ISSN:
1232-986X
Keywords:
Candida, intestines, infants
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Introduction: Candidiasis iscaused by Candida spp., especially by C. albicans and it is spread outall overthe world.The mostfrequentfungal etiology of diarrhea in infants under 12 months old is C. albicans (37.1%). The aim of the study was to estimate the changes in Candida spp. isola-tion from infants until 18 months old depending of the factors possibly influencing indoor humidity. Material and methods:The group consisted of 101 newbornsfrom 3 cities in UpperSilesia. Maternal positive atopy history wasfound in 15 cases. Plastic windows were in 40 houses and wooden ones in 61. The communal central heatingwas installed 48 houses, gas- 12, coal - 37 and electric one in 4 homes. 47 infants were breastfed until 3 months old, 31 - till 6 months old, 20 till 12 months old and 3 up to 18 months old. Orally probiotics were given between 0-3 months in 10.8%, between 3-6 months in 12.87%, between 6-12 months -16.83%, between 12-18 months- 7.92%. Feceswerein0, 3, 6,12 and 18 months old. Results: The median of Candida isolation rate was in 0 months old - 2,228x103, in 3 months old - l,200*104, in 6 months old - l,8*104, 12 months old - 2,520x104, in 18 months old - 3,25x104. The increase of Candida spp. in feces during months was statistically significant (p=0,748). There was no correlation between the quantity of Candida spp. and type of windows and heating in the house. Conclusion: We observed permanent increase in Candida spp. isolation rate in infants.