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Title: Assessment of dietary intake of selected vitamins and minerals in children aged 10-13 years from Lodź

Agnieszka Błaszczyk, Danuta Chlebna-Sokół, Jolanta Frasunkiewicz
Contemporary Pediatrics, Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Child Feeding
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dietary intake, vitamins, minerals, children

Introduction: Regular nutritional manners, should be introduced in childhood in order to form appropriate nutrition manners in adultho-od. Both nutritional deficiency and excess may lead to specific diseases which impair the population health condition. Objectives: The aim of the study was to analyze nutritional intake of selected vitamins and minerals in the groupof children in the begin-ning or already lasting period of intense growth and puberty. Materiał and methods: The examinations were performed in 245 healthy children, aged from 10 to 13 years; 110 boys and 135 girls, at-tending primary schools in Lodź. Three-day diet interviews were preformed to estimate average daily intake of selected vitamins and minerals. We regarded as normal the nutrients intake on the level ranged from 90 to 110% of recommended daily nutritional allowances. Results: The assessment of vitamins intake revealed among others significant deficiency of vitamin D in all examinated children. Diet covered only 21.1% of nutritional requirements in girls and 24.2% in boys. The excessive intake of vitamins A, C and B12 was observed. Me-an nutritional intake of the remaining vitamins was similar to recommended. Significant excess of diet intake of sodium was revealed in all children - in schoolgirls it was exceeded almost 6 times and in school boys almost 7 times. Nutritional deficiency concerned calcium - girls consumed 57.9% of daily requirements, boys 66.1%. Diet intake of daily nutritional requirements for iron was very Iow - respecti-vely: 71.3% and 88.5%. Magnesium deficiency were recognized in half of the examined children. Conclusions 1. In the examined group of schoolchildren aged from 10 to 13 years plentiful of incorrectness in vitamins and minerals diet intake, including deficiency of vitamin D, calcium and iron and excess of sodium and phosphorus were revealed. 2. These incorrectness may, in future, lead to health disorders, including osteoporosis, iron-deficiency anaemia, hypertension. 3. Results of this study indicate on the necessity of introducing wild prevention to change nutritional manners in children already in primary schools.