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Articles

Title: Malignant tumors of the central nervous system in children from Lublin region

Author:
Joanna Nurzyńska-Flak, Jerzy R. Kowalczyk
Type:
Original articles
Language:
PL
Journal:
Pediatric Review
Year:
2005
Volume:
35
Number:
1
Start page:
9
Final page:
12
ISSN:
0137-723X
Keywords:
central nervous system, neoplasms, children, incidence
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Introduction. Among neoplasms in children, tumors ofthe central nervous system (CNS) represent the second largest disease group, after leukemia, accounting for around 20% ofcases. These tumors appear with the annual incidence of 20-30/1 permillion (mln). Aim ofthework. Evaluating incidence of childhood CNS tumors in Lublin region. Material and methods. The analysis was conducted between 1988-2000 in Lublin region among children aged 0-17'years. Annual incidences (per 1 mln) were estimatedfor all children, boys and girls, both living in urban andrural regions and for 0-4, 5-9, 10-14, 15-17 years groups. Re-sults. 184 cases ofCNS tumors were reported (48.9% ofthem were boys). It constituted 19.5% ofall neoplastic diseases in children ofthis region. The majority of the patients livedin town areas (54.3%). The incidence was 22.5 per 1 mln. The incidence in boys was stable while in girls it varied significantly during the years of observation. The incidence was higher in town patients than in village ones (25.7 vs. 19.0 per mln). The mean morbidity was lower in male than infemale children (21.5 vs. 23.6per 1 mln). The highest morbidity was noted in children aged 5-9 years (28.1 per 1 mln) andalso 10-14 years (26.4per 1 mln). Conclusions. Incidence ofCNS tumors in children in Lublin region is similar to the average value reported in developed countries. Higher incidence was noted among patients living in urban regions.