Title: Norms and indications concerning fat consumption, especially in children, pregnant and breast-feeding women
- Światosław Ziemlański, Piotr Socha
- Contemporary Pediatrics, Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Child Feeding
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- cholesterol, arteriosclerosis, fatty acids
Lipid intake in the diet is a matter of scientific debate concerning of the risk of atherogenesis and the development of children. Although many questions are still not answered there are some strict recommendations of lipid content in the diet. These recommendations differ according to age of development. In general, alow fat diet is adviced and a lot of stress has been puton changing nutritional habitsin Europe and Poland. Contrary to this, during the early life lipids are the main source of energy (e.g. in human milk and starting formulae). Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) seem to be special lipids which are essential for the growth and development and must be delivered with the diet. Vegetable oils are the main source of PUFA. We have also desribed recommendations of PUFA intake for infants, chiidren and adults. The risk of atherogenesis is discussed in concern of excessive intake of some lipids (trans fatty acids, cholesterol). We have also mentioned the requirements for lipid soluble vitamins, which can be practically important in the diet of infants.