Title: The epidemiological examinations of lung cancer patients treated between 1986-1995 in Włocławek Province
- Anna Słowik-Gabryelska, Jarosław Sokołowski
- Polish Oncology
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- Final page:
- lung cancer, morbidity, prophylaxis
Poor prognosis and constand rise of lung cancer morbidity is the most stressing problem in oncology. That is the reason that the epidemiological examinations are undertaken, especial-ly in provinces where the morbidity is very high. Taking into account the lack of epidemiological examinations and high morbidity of lung cancer in province of Włocławek the analysis of some data in lung cancer patients was performed.
The aim of these examinations was to select the groups of increased lung cancer risk for fu-ture prevention and to intensify medical monitoring.
Material and method: 1383 medical documents of lung cancer patients treated between 1986-1995 in Włocławek province were analysed. In groups selected on the basis of gender, age, cellulartypeof cancer, cigaretteconsumption, living place and occupation, thetrendsof morbidity during 10 years were assessed.
Results: It was established that comparing year 1986 and 1995 the number of lung cancer patients increased 3 times. The morbidity increased on average 10.7% every year. The number of lung cancer patients grew both in men and in women, but in men the rise was very ra-pid, especially with squamous cell carcinoma. 96% of lung cancer patients were cigarette smo-kers. There was correlation between cigarette consumption and lung cancer incidence. The greatest group of lung cancer patients smoked morę than 20 cigarettes a day. In that group the increase ratę was the highest. The epidemiological examinationsof lung cancer patients treated between 1986-1995 in Włocławek Province Anna Slowik-Gabryelska, Jarosław Sokolowski
Analysis of results indicated that lung cancer morbidity in rural population was greater than in urban. Among farmers the number of lung cancer patients was greater than in other occupations. The number of lung cancer patients grew significantly morę rapidly than in other professions.